Treatment of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.
J Clin Exp Hematop. 2016;56(2):79-88
Authors: Miyazaki K
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) comprises a heterogeneous group with pathophysiological, genetic and clinical features. Many patients can be cured with R-CHOP therapy, which is the current standard regimen. Despite recent progress in improving patient survival, the 40% survival of DLBCL patients remains poor. Therefore, the most important issue for patients with DLBCL remains the development of a new front-line therapy. Several studies have reported that intensified chemotherapy with dose-adjusted EPOCH-R or R-ACVBP was superior to R-CHOP. Gene expression profiling has identified two distinct forms of DLBCL: activated B cell-like (ABC) and germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) types. ABC DLBCL exhibits a worse prognosis than GCB DLBCL by molecular diagnosis after R-CHOP therapy. Next-generation sequencing has identified unique oncogenic mechanisms and genetic complexity, which has provided rational therapeutic targets. There are also a number of biomarkers, including CD5, and prognostic factors. Efforts to distinguish many biomarkers will be crucial for individualized treatment in the future.
PMID: 27980306 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]