Utility of high-throughput DNA sequencing in the study of the human papillomaviruses.

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Utility of high-throughput DNA sequencing in the study of the human papillomaviruses.

Virus Genes. 2017 Dec 27;:

Authors: Escobar-Escamilla N, Ramírez-González JE, Castro-Escarpulli G, Díaz-Quiñonez JA

Abstract
The Papillomaviridae family is probably the most diverse group of viruses that affect vertebrates. The study of the relationship between infection by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) and the development of neoplastic epithelial lesions is of particular interest because of the high prevalence of HPV-related carcinomas in populations of developing countries. To understand the mechanisms of infection and their association with different clinical manifestations, molecular tools play an important role in the description of new types of HPV, the characterization of effector properties of the viral factors, the specific diagnosis and monitoring of HPV types, and the alteration patterns at genetic level in the host. Technological advances in the field of DNA sequencing have led to the development of different next-generation sequencing systems, allowing obtaining a large amount of data and broadening the applications to study viral diseases. In this review, we summarize the main approaches and their perspectives where the use of massively parallel sequencing has been proved as a useful tool in the research of the HPV infection.

PMID: 29282656 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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