State of the art technologies to explore long non-coding RNAs in cancer.

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State of the art technologies to explore long non-coding RNAs in cancer.

J Cell Mol Med. 2017 Dec;21(12):3120-3140

Authors: Salehi S, Taheri MN, Azarpira N, Zare A, Behzad-Behbahani A

Abstract
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) comprise a vast repertoire of RNAs playing a wide variety of crucial roles in tissue physiology in a cell-specific manner. Despite being engaged in myriads of regulatory mechanisms, many lncRNAs have still remained to be assigned any functions. A constellation of experimental techniques including single-molecule RNA in situ hybridization (sm-RNA FISH), cross-linking and immunoprecipitation (CLIP), RNA interference (RNAi), Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and so forth has been employed to shed light on lncRNA cellular localization, structure, interaction networks and functions. Here, we review these and other experimental approaches in common use for identification and characterization of lncRNAs, particularly those involved in different types of cancer, with focus on merits and demerits of each technique.

PMID: 28631377 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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