miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. They have significant role in the regulation of cardiovascular function and conditions, such as Heart Failure (HF), as demonstrated by studies of miRNA expression profiling in myocardial tissue. The importance of the use of miRNAs as biomarkers in HF was enhanced when found that they exist extracellularly, with remarkable stability and there are indications that their expression levels reflect the cell response in cardiovascular conditions including Heart Failure. Advances in technology and bioinformatics broaden the field of applications of miRNAs in HF. The introduction of new platforms, such as Next Generation Sequencing, enabled the discovery of novel miRNAs that might be utilized as Heart Failure biomarkers for diagnostic and prognostic purposes and with potential applications in targeted therapeutics.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.