Targeted therapies in melanoma.

Advances in the biology of melanoma have provided insights about chemoresistance and its genetic heterogeneity in parallel with advances in drug design, culminating in recent major treatment breakthroughs. Although clinical benefit of targeted therapies has been unquestionable, future advances are only possible if we understand the interplay between genetic aberrations and role of other crucial nongenetic changes yet to be identified by such projects as the Cancer Genome Atlas Project in Melanoma. Combination therapies, either among small molecule inhibitors themselves and/or with immunotherapies, may be the optimal strategy to prevent development of drug resistance inherently linked with such targeted therapies.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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