The unprecedented potential of standard and new next-generation sequencing applications and methods to explore cancer genome evolution and tumor heterogeneity as well as transcription networks in time and space shapes the development of next-generation therapeutics. However, biomedical and pharmaceutical research for overcoming heterogeneity-based therapeutic resistance is at an important crossroads. Focus on linear transcription-based drug development targeting dynamics of simple intrapatient structured genome diversity represents a realistic medium-term goal. By contrast, the discovery of nonlinear transcription drugs for targeting structural and functional genome and transcriptome heterogeneity represents a long-term rational strategy. This review compares effectiveness, challenges and expectations between linear and nonlinear drugs targeting simple intrapatient variation and aberrant transcriptional biocircuits, respectively.
Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.