Assessment and management of advanced adrenocortical carcinoma using a precision oncology care model.

Within the category of orphan diseases and rare malignancies, adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) represents an aggressive entity with high mortality and morbidity. While localized tumors which are diagnosed early can be cured with surgical intervention, there are prognostic factors which predict for micrometastases and consequent recurrent and advanced disease. In such cases, cytotoxic chemotherapy and mitotane have been utilized with a very modest degree of benefit. The poor prognosis of recurrent and advanced ACC has underscored the interest in nuanced characterization of ACC cases using next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based genomic and other ‘-omic’ profiling to guide the precision medicine approach and personalized use of targeted and novel therapies.

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