International Standards for Genomes, Transcriptomes, and Metagenomes.

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International Standards for Genomes, Transcriptomes, and Metagenomes.

J Biomol Tech. 2017 Mar 17;:

Authors: Mason CE, Afshinnekoo E, Tighe S, Wu S, Levy S

Challenges and biases in preparing, characterizing, and sequencing DNA and RNA can have significant impacts on research in genomics across all kingdoms of life, including experiments in single-cells, RNA profiling, and metagenomics (across multiple genomes). Technical artifacts and contamination can arise at each point of sample manipulation, extraction, sequencing, and analysis. Thus, the measurement and benchmarking of these potential sources of error are of paramount importance as next-generation sequencing (NGS) projects become more global and ubiquitous. Fortunately, a variety of methods, standards, and technologies have recently emerged that improve measurements in genomics and sequencing, from the initial input material to the computational pipelines that process and annotate the data. Here we review current standards and their applications in genomics, including whole genomes, transcriptomes, mixed genomic samples (metagenomes), and the modified bases within each (epigenomes and epitranscriptomes). These standards, tools, and metrics are critical for quantifying the accuracy of NGS methods, which will be essential for robust approaches in clinical genomics and precision medicine.

PMID: 28337071 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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