Translating genomic profiling to gastrointestinal cancer treatment.

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Translating genomic profiling to gastrointestinal cancer treatment.

Future Oncol. 2017 Apr;13(10):919-934

Authors: Harada K, Mizrak Kaya D, Shimodaira Y, Song S, Baba H, Ajani JA

Abstract
Next-generation sequencing enables faster, cheaper and more accurate whole-genome sequencing, allowing genome profiling and discovery of molecular features. As molecular targeted drugs are developed, treatment can be tailored according to molecular subtype. Gastric and colorectal cancers have each been divided into four subtypes according to molecular features. Profiling of the esophageal cancer genome is underway and its classification is anticipated. To date, identification of HER2 expression in gastric adenocarcinoma and KRAS, NRAS and BRAF mutations in colon cancer have proved essential for treatment decisions. However, to overcome therapy resistance and improve prognosis, further individualized therapy is required. Here, we summarize the treatment options for gastrointestinal cancer according to genomic profiling and discuss future directions.

PMID: 28067073 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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