Recent Discoveries in Monogenic Disorders of Childhood Bone Fragility.
Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2017 Jun 23;:
Authors: Mäkitie RE, Kämpe AJ, Taylan F, Mäkitie O
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes our current knowledge on primary osteoporosis in children with focus on recent genetic findings.
RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in genetic research, particularly next-generation sequencing, have found several genetic loci that associate with monogenic forms of inherited osteoporosis, widening the scope of primary osteoporosis beyond classical osteogenesis imperfecta. New forms of primary osteoporosis, such as those related to WNT1, PLS3, and XYLT2, have identified defects outside the extracellular matrix components and collagen-related pathways, in intracellular cascades directly affecting bone cell function. Primary osteoporosis can lead to severe skeletal morbidity, including abnormal longitudinal growth, compromised bone mass gain, and noticeable fracture tendency beginning at childhood. Early diagnosis and timely care are warranted to ensure the best achievable bone health. Future research will most likely broaden the spectrum of primary osteoporosis, hopefully provide more insight into the genetics governing bone health, and offer new targets for treatment.
PMID: 28646443 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]