Genetic testing is recommended for patients with phaeochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma (PGL) because of their genetic heterogeneity and heritability. Due to the large number of susceptibility genes associated with PCC/PGL, next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology is ideally suited for carrying out genetic screening of these individuals. New generations of DNA sequencing technologies facilitate the development of comprehensive genetic testing in PCC/PGL at a lower cost. Whole-exome sequencing and targeted NGS are the preferred methods for screening of PCC/PGL, both having precise mutation detection methods and low costs. RNA sequencing and DNA methylation studies using NGS technology in PCC/PGL can be adopted to act as diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers as well as in planning targeted epigenetic treatment of patients with PCC/PGL. The designs of NGS having a high depth of coverage and robust analytical pipelines can lead to the successful detection of a wide range of genomic defects in PCC/PGL. Nevertheless, the major challenges of this technology must be addressed before it has practical applications in the clinical diagnostics to fulfill the goal of personalized medicine in PCC/PGL. In future, novel approaches of sequencing, such as third and fourth generation sequencing can alter the workflow, cost, analysis, and interpretation of genomics associated with PCC/PGL.
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