Bioinformatics Tools for Proteomics Data Interpretation.
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;919:281-341
Authors: Calderón-González KG, Hernández-Monge J, Herrera-Aguirre ME, Luna-Arias JP
Biological systems function via intricate cellular processes and networks in which RNAs, metabolites, proteins and other cellular compounds have a precise role and are exquisitely regulated (Kumar and Mann, FEBS Lett 583(11):1703-1712, 2009). The development of high-throughput technologies, such as the Next Generation DNA Sequencing (NGS) and DNA microarrays for sequencing genomes or metagenomes, have triggered a dramatic increase in the last few years in the amount of information stored in the GenBank and UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB). GenBank release 210, reported in October 2015, contains 202,237,081,559 nucleotides corresponding to 188,372,017 sequences, whilst there are only 1,222,635,267,498 nucleotides corresponding to 309,198,943 sequences from Whole Genome Shotgun (WGS) projects. In the case of UniProKB/Swiss-Prot, release 2015_12 (December 9, 2015) contains 196,219,159 amino acids that correspond to 550,116 entries. Meanwhile, UniProtKB/TrEMBL (release 2015_12 of December 9 2015) contains 1,838,851,8871 amino acids corresponding to 555,270,679 entries. Proteomics has also improved our knowledge of proteins that are being expressed in cells at a certain time of the cell cycle. It has also allowed the identification of molecules forming part of multiprotein complexes and an increasing number of posttranslational modifications (PTMs) that are present in proteins, as well as the variants of proteins expressed.
PMID: 27975225 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]