Is molecular remission the goal of multiple myeloma therapy?
Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2017 Dec 08;2017(1):205-211
Authors: Davies FE
The increased number of effective therapies and the wider use of combinations that give deeper remissions have resulted in a reassessment of the goals of myeloma therapy. With the advent of new therapeutic strategies and diagnostic tools, achievement of minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative status has become increasingly important, with some even considering it as the primary endpoint for therapy. The level of MRD that is aimed for is a continuous, rather than an absolute variable, with studies in both transplant-eligible and -noneligible patients showing that the level of MRD achieved is predictive of progression-free survival and overall survival, with an improvement in survival of approximately 1 year for each log-depletion in MRD level. The most widely used methods to assess MRD status include flow cytometry and clonality detection, using next-generation sequencing technologies with sensitivity limits of 1:10-3 to 1:10-6 The timing of when to assess MRD depends on the treatment used, as well as the molecular and cytogenetic subgroup of the myeloma itself. It is also becoming clear that the level of MRD negativity, as well as microenvironmental factors, are important prognostically, including the regeneration of normal plasma cells, and the normalization of the immune repertoire. With advances in antibody-based therapy and immunotherapy, the achievement of stable MRD states is now possible for a significant proportion of patients, and is a prerequisite for myeloma cure.
PMID: 29222257 [PubMed – in process]