Application of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) to improve cancer management: A review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness.

Application of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) to improve cancer management: A review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness.

Clin Genet. 2017 Dec 19;:

Authors: Tan O, Shrestha R, Cunich M, Schofield DJ

Abstract
Uptake of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) has increased dramatically due to significant cost reductions and broader community acceptance of NGS. To systematically review the evidence on both the clinical effectiveness and the cost-effectiveness of applying NGS to cancer care. A systematic search for full-length original research articles on the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of NGS in MEDLINE and EMBASE. Articles that focussed on cancer care and involved the application of NGS were included for the review of clinical effectiveness. For the cost-effectiveness review, we only included the articles with economic evaluations of NGS in cancer care. We report the rate of successfully detecting mutations from the clinical studies. The Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio and sensitivity analysis outcomes are reported for the cost-effectiveness articles. Fifty-six articles reported that sequencing patient samples using targeted gene panels, and 83% of the successfully sequenced patients harboured at least one mutation. Only six studies reported on the cost-effectiveness of the application of NGS in cancer care. NGS is an effective tool for identifying mutation in cancer patients. However, more rigorous cost-effectiveness studies of NGS applied to cancer management are needed to determine whether NGS can improve patient outcomes cost-effectively.

PMID: 29265354 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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