Phenotypic predictors and final diagnoses in patients referred for RASopathy testing by targeted next-generation sequencing.

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Phenotypic predictors and final diagnoses in patients referred for RASopathy testing by targeted next-generation sequencing.

Genet Med. 2017 Jun;19(6):715-718

Authors: Bhoj EJ, Yu Z, Guan Q, Ahrens-Nicklas R, Cao K, Luo M, Tischler T, Deardorff MA, Zackai E, Santani AB

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: RASopathies include disorders generally characterized by developmental delay, specific heart defects, short stature, cardiac hypertrophy, and facial dysmorphisms. Next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based panels have widespread acceptance as a diagnostic tool for RASopathies.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The first 126 patients evaluated by clinical examination and the NGS RASopathy panel at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia were enrolled. We calculated diagnosis rate, correlated reported clinical findings with positive or negative test results, and identified final molecular diagnoses in 28/96 patients who tested negative for RASopathies.
RESULTS: Twenty-four patients had pathogenic variants on the RASopathy panel, for a diagnostic yield of 19%. Reported features of pulmonic stenosis and ptosis were significantly correlated with a positive test result; no reported features were significantly correlated with a negative test result. We identified 27 different alternative diagnoses for patients originally suspected of having RASopathies.
DISCUSSION: This study provides information that can assist in guiding differential diagnosis and genetic testing for patients suspected of having a RASopathy disorder.Genet Med advance online publication 20 October 2016.

PMID: 27763634 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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