Long Noncoding RNAs: New Players in the Osteogenic Differentiation of Bone Marrow- and Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

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Long Noncoding RNAs: New Players in the Osteogenic Differentiation of Bone Marrow- and Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

Stem Cell Rev. 2018 Feb 20;:

Authors: Yang Q, Jia L, Li X, Guo R, Huang Y, Zheng Y, Li W

Abstract
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an important population of multipotent stem cells that differentiate into multiple lineages and display great potential in bone regeneration and repair. Although the role of protein-coding genes in the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs has been extensively studied, the functions of noncoding RNAs in the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs are unclear. The recent application of next-generation sequencing to MSC transcriptomes has revealed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are associated with the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. LncRNAs are a class of non-coding transcripts of more than 200 nucleotides in length. Noncoding RNAs are thought to play a key role in osteoblast differentiation through various regulatory mechanisms including chromatin modification, transcription factor binding, competent endogenous mechanism, and other post-transcriptional mechanisms. Here, we review the roles of lncRNAs in the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow- and adipose-derived stem cells and provide a theoretical foundation for future research.

PMID: 29464508 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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