Identification of RNA Polymerase III-Transcribed SINEs at Single-Locus Resolution from RNA Sequencing Data.
Noncoding RNA. 2017 Mar 21;3(1):
Authors: Carnevali D, Dieci G
Short Interspersed Element (SINE) retrotransposons are one of the most abundant DNA repeat elements in the human genome. They have been found to impact the expression of protein-coding genes, but the possible roles in cell physiology of their noncoding RNAs, generated by RNA polymerase (Pol) III, are just starting to be elucidated. For this reason, Short Interspersed Element (SINE) expression profiling is becoming mandatory to obtain a comprehensive picture of their regulatory roles. However, their repeated nature and frequent location within Pol II-transcribed genes represent a serious obstacle to the identification and quantification of genuine, Pol III-derived SINE transcripts at single-locus resolution on a genomic scale. Among the recent Next Generation Sequencing technologies, only RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) holds the potential to solve these issues, even though both technical and biological matters need to be taken into account. A bioinformatic pipeline has been recently set up that, by exploiting RNA-seq features and knowledge of SINE transcription mechanisms, allows for easy identification and profiling of transcriptionally active genomic loci which are a source of genuine Pol III SINE transcripts.
PMID: 29657287 [PubMed]