Structure of bacterial chromosome: An analysis of DNA-protein interactions in vivo.

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Structure of bacterial chromosome: An analysis of DNA-protein interactions in vivo.

Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2017 Dec 08;71(0):1005-1014

Authors: Hołówka J, Płachetka M

Abstract
According to recent reports, bacterial chromosomes exhibit a hierarchical organization. The number of proteins that bind DNA are responsible for local and global organization of the DNA ensuring proper chromosome compaction. Advanced molecular biology techniques combined with high-throughput DNA sequencing methods allow a precise analysis of bacterial chromosome structures on a local and global scale. Methods such as in vivo footprinting and ChIP-seq allow to map binding sites of analyzed proteins in certain chromosomal regions or along the whole chromosome while analysis of the spatial interactions on global scale could be performed by 3C techniques. Additional insight into complex structures created by chromosome-organizing proteins is provided by high-resolution fluorescence microscopy techniques.

PMID: 29225199 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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