Circulating microRNAs in breast cancer: novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers.

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Circulating microRNAs in breast cancer: novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers.

Cell Death Dis. 2017 Sep 07;8(9):e3045

Authors: Hamam R, Hamam D, Alsaleh KA, Kassem M, Zaher W, Alfayez M, Aldahmash A, Alajez NM

Abstract
Effective management of breast cancer depends on early diagnosis and proper monitoring of patients’ response to therapy. However, these goals are difficult to achieve because of the lack of sensitive and specific biomarkers for early detection and for disease monitoring. Accumulating evidence in the past several years has highlighted the potential use of peripheral blood circulating nucleic acids such as DNA, mRNA and micro (mi)RNA in breast cancer diagnosis, prognosis and for monitoring response to anticancer therapy. Among these, circulating miRNA is increasingly recognized as a promising biomarker, given the ease with which miRNAs can be isolated and their structural stability under different conditions of sample processing and isolation. In this review, we provide current state-of-the-art of miRNA biogenesis, function and discuss the advantages, limitations, as well as pitfalls of using circulating miRNAs as diagnostic, prognostic or predictive biomarkers in breast cancer management.

PMID: 28880270 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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