Contemporary scope of inborn errors of metabolism involving epilepsy or seizures.

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Contemporary scope of inborn errors of metabolism involving epilepsy or seizures.

Metab Brain Dis. 2018 Jul 13;:

Authors: Tumienė B, Peterlin B, Maver A, Utkus A

Abstract
Many inborn errors of metabolism may present with epilepsy or seizures, however, current scope of these diseases is unknown. Due to available precision medicine approaches in many inborn errors of metabolism and sophisticated traditional diagnostics, this group of disorders is of special relevance to clinicians. Besides, as current treatment is challenging and unsuccessful in more than 30% of all epilepsy patients, these diseases may provide valuable models for ictogenesis and epileptogenesis studies and potentially pave the ways to identification of novel treatments. The aim of this study was to elucidate genetic architecture of inborn errors of metabolism involving epilepsy or seizures and to evaluate their diagnostic approaches. After extensive search, 880 human genes were identified with a considerable part, 373 genes (42%), associated with inborn errors of metabolism. The most numerous group comprised disorders of energy metabolism (115, 31% of all inborn errors of metabolism). A substantial number of these diseases (26%, 97/373) have established specific treatments, therefore timely diagnosis comes as an obligation. Highly heterogenous, overlapping and non-specific phenotypes in most of inborn errors of metabolism presenting with epilepsy or seizures usually preclude phenotype-driven diagnostics. Besides, as traditional diagnostics involves a range of specialized metabolic tests with low diagnostic yields and is generally inefficient and lengthy, next-generation sequencing-based methods were proposed as a cost-efficient one-step way to shorten “diagnostic odyssey”. Extensive list of 373 epilepsy- or seizures-associated inborn errors of metabolism genes may be of value in development of gene panels and as a tool for variants’ filtration.

PMID: 30006695 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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