NGS and blood group systems: State of the art and perspectives.
Transfus Clin Biol. 2017 Sep;24(3):240-244
Authors: Fichou Y, Férec C
Molecular analysis, or genotyping, of genes involved in the expression of blood group antigens has been a standard strategy used in immunohaematology laboratories routinely. For the past ten years, next-generation sequencing (NGS), or second-generation sequencing, has become the reference method in genetics. Extensive study of distinct targets, large genomic regions, and even whole genome is henceforth possible by this approach at minimal cost. Blood group genotyping has thus taken advantage of this technological advent. A few preliminary studies have open the way to NGS in this field by studying one or several genes, in a wide range of samples (donors and patients) by using several different platforms. These works have helped in the identification of both the benefits and limitations of the technology. Other recently published studies have benefited from these preliminary data to improve the methodology, specificity and accuracy of output data. In parallel novel strategies, i.e. third-generation sequencing, which can sequence long DNA regions at the single-molecule level, have emerged and shown promise for the potential resolution of complex rearrangements involving genes of the Rh and MNS blood group systems respectively. As technological and methodological hurdles have been overcome, these approaches may be used in a clinical situation in a near future.
PMID: 28645642 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]