What compatibility in 2017 for the haematopoietic stem cell transplantation?
Transfus Clin Biol. 2017 Sep;24(3):124-130
Authors: Lafarge X
The diversification of potential donors to perform stem cell allografts now enables to propose a compatible graft cell source adapted to the different clinical situations. Transplants with a geno-identical sibling donor, otherwise with the most HLA-compatible unrelated donor, remain the first-line solutions. Alternative transplants allow to graft patients having no donors in international registries, owing to the rarity of their HLA typing. They are carried out with fairly incompatible grafts and are therefore limited by the existence in the recipient of preformed anti-HLA antibodies which predispose to their rejection. The simple prevention of acute Graft-versus-host disease in haplo-identical transplants, as well as the availability of donors, explain why they have very often replaced placental stem cell transplants. These latter remain useful for pediatric patients or in the absence of family donors.
PMID: 28709842 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]